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Comprehensive
American Health Network

Nephrology

Nephrology concerns the diagnosis and treatment of kidney diseases, including electrolyte disturbances and hypertension, and the care of those requiring renal replacement therapy, including dialysis and renal transplant patients. Many diseases affecting the kidney are systemic disorders not limited to the organ itself, and may require special treatment. Examples include acquired conditions such as systemic vasculitides (e.g. ANCA vasculitis) and autoimmune diseases (e.g., lupus), as well as congenital or genetic conditions such as polycystic kidney disease.

Patients are referred to nephrology specialists for various reasons, such as:

  • Acute renal failure, a sudden loss of renal function
  • Chronic kidney disease, declining renal function, usually with an inexorable rise in creatinine.
  • Hematuria, blood in the urine
  • Proteinuria, the loss of protein especially albumin in the urine
  • Kidney stones, usually only recurrent stone formers.
  • Chronic or recurrent urinary tract infections
  • Hypertension that has failed to respond to multiple forms of anti-hypertensive medication or could have a secondary cause
  • Electrolyte disorders or acid/base imbalance

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